Belly Button Hernia(Umbilical hernia):Causes&Treatment

A belly button hernia is also known as an umbilical hernia or an epigastric hernia. This is a disorder of the abdominal wall. A belly button hernia is a weakness in the wall of your abdomen that appears as a bulge near the navel. When the abdominal wall muscles are weak, the gut, fluid, Intestine,or fat can push through and protrude in the muscles around the belly button.

Umbilical hernia is a very common disorder, and most people suffer from it in the life. It can happen to anyone, at any age, and of any gender. But the incidence in women is more than five times that of men. Pregnancy, obesity, and loose abdominal muscles are the common causes of umbilical hernias.

An umbilical hernia usually happens during pregnancy as the growing baby pushes the abdominal wall, making it weak and prone to hernia. It can also occur due to a weakness in the abdominal wall at birth.

Belly button hernia can be treated at home as well. However, in some cases, it might be recommended to get medical help. This article will discuss everything about belly button hernia, from its causes to its treatment.

Belly Button Hernia
Belly Button Hernia(Umbilical Hernia): Causes&Treatment

Symptoms of a Belly Button Hernia(umbilical hernia)

The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge under the skin. If the hernia becomes large, the swelling may become very painful.

Pain – If the hernia becomes large enough, it can become very painful.

Lump – A slight bulge may be felt or seen in the skin near the belly button.

Swelling – Small hernias may not produce any noticeable swelling.

Lump when coughing, sneezing, or lifting – You may feel a lump when cough, sneez or lift heavy products.

Darkening of the skin around the hernia – This discoloration is caused by blood seeping from the wound into the surrounding tissues.

Retraction – A large hernia that protrudes below the skin level may retract into the belly button when coughing, bending, or straining.

Causes of a Belly Button Hernia in adults(umbilical hernia)

There are many causes of a belly button hernia, including:

Obesity – Fat surrounds the organs will weaken the muscles and make them more likely to tear. A weakened abdominal wall can result in a protrusion of the intestine through an area of weakness near the belly button.

Pregnancy – A weak abdominal wall can also occur after pregnancy, as the abdominal muscles are put under additional strain during pregnancy.

Heavy lifting – If you work as a mechanic or do any heavy lifting, you’re at greater risk of getting a hernia.

Injury – If your abdominal muscles are already weakened through injury, they may tear even more quickly than usual.

Genetic factorsSpinal problems, diseases, or congenital conditions such as a weak abdominal wall are also associated with an increased risk of hernia.

Infant belly button hernia

An infant belly button hernia is a bulge that you can see at your baby’s belly button, where the skin has stretched and gathered. A hernia happens when something comes through the muscle wall, like a piece of the intestine or a blood vessel.

A baby belly button hernia occurs at the umbilical cord’s exit when the skin has been stretched, but no intestine or blood vessel is underneath.

Little red or purple dots can signify a hernia, or you may notice your baby’s navel looks larger than usual or puffier than before, like a strawberry.

How is an umbilical hernia diagnosed?

The doctor may use a multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) or an ultrasound scan to determine whether there is a hernia. This diagnosis is typically confirmed by performing a “direct” or “retrograde” abdominal hernia repair.

The doctor may also use a special probe and light source to illuminate the area during the procedure.

Is an umbilical hernia dangerous in adults?

An umbilical hernia is a small pocket of tissue that protrudes through the muscle near your belly button. It’s common in adults, especially those who are overweight or have a large belly.

Umbilical hernias don’t cause problems for most people, and they often go away on their own as you lose weight. If an umbilical hernia is large and causing problems, such as pain or skin irritation, you may want to have it repaired surgically.

Medical treatment for umbilical hernia

The treatment for a hernia depends on its size and other factors. If the hernia is small and does not cause pain or other symptoms, your doctor may recommend that you do nothing.

If the hernia is large, you may need surgery to repair it. Surgery to repair a hernia is called an “abdominal hernia repair.” At the same time, the exact type of surgery depends on the size and location of the hernia, as well as your overall health.

Most hernia repairs are performed either through an open incision or laparoscopically, through several small incisions.

How much does umbilical hernia surgery cost?

The cost of BNH surgery can range from a few thousand dollars to close to ten thousand dollars, depending on your health insurance plan. If you don’t have insurance, you can expect to pay around ten thousand dollars for the procedure.

What you pay also depends on where you live, the hospital or surgeon you choose, and whether you have any complications or additional procedures during the surgery.

Home Remedies for umbilical hernia

Drink more liquids – It’s essential to stay hydrated when the body is under stress, especially if you’re trying to repair a hernia.

Eat high-fiber foods – Fiber is essential for digestive health, so you may want to eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains as you recover from a hernia.

Avoid heavy lifting – Avoid lifting heavy objects, especially while recovering from a hernia.

Avoid anything on your umbilical hernia – You may want to avoid wearing belts with heavy buckles or anything else that puts pressure on the hernia.

When to see a doctor?

All hernias must be treated unless they are small and asymptomatic. The decision to operate depends on the type and size of the hernia and the patient’s overall condition. It must be treated if the hernia causes pain or is large and impeding other organs.

If it has not been treated and it becomes strangulated, there is a risk of infection or a rupture of the abdominal wall that may be fatal.

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