Black spots on skin are also known as dark spots, age spots, sun spots, or liver spots. These conditions are extremely common skin concerns. They can appear on any part of the body, including the face, hands, shoulders, and arms. While generally harmless, many people want to get rid of black spots for cosmetic reasons. Thankfully, there are many effective home remedies to naturally lighten and reduce the appearance of these spots over time. This article will discuss 16 best natural remedies to get rid of black spots on skin.
Common Types of Black Spots on Skin
There are different clinical names and classifications used to describe common black spots that appear on the skin:
- Freckles – Freckles are small, flat, tan to brown spots caused by sun exposure. They are very common on faces and shoulders especially in those with fair or light complexions. Freckles frequently emerge in childhood and adolescence.
- Age spots – Medically termed lentigines, these are flat, tan to brown spots that appear on the face, hands, shoulders, arms, and other sun-exposed areas of the body. They are associated with aging and excessive sun exposure.
- Melasma – Known as chloasma faciei during pregnancy, melasma causes symmetric, irregular light to dark brown patches commonly appearing on the cheeks, nose, forehead, and chin. It is thought to be triggered by surges in estrogen and progesterone.
- Solar lentigines – These flat, light to dark brown spots have distinct edges and are caused by long-term UV radiation damage from the sun. They mostly appear on the face, hands, and arms after age 40.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation – This refers to the darkened or discolored area that remains after an acne lesion, cut, burn, blister, or other skin injury has healed. Inflammation and skin trauma prompts excess melanin production.
- Seborrheic keratosis – These are benign, non-cancerous growths that may be light tan to black in color. They have a waxy, “stuck-on” appearance occurring on the face, chest, back, and abdomen as people age.
- Moles – Also known medically as nevi, moles are a normal growth on the skin formed by pigment producing melanocytes. While usually tan to brown, some moles can appear black.