Whenever people start to experience chills, the first thing they do is check if they have a fever because chills and fever usually go together. While this may always be the case, you should remember that there are different reasons why you would be experiencing chills without a fever.
Chills without fever are a feeling of coldness accompanied by chills or goosebumps, but no fever. This happens when the body is exposed to an extremely cold environment. For example, you will get goosebumps if you enter a cold place after doing the exercise.
When you get chills, this is your body’s way of telling you that it should try to raise your temperature. It is going to make your muscles relax and contract. There are times when experiencing chills will not improve your body’s overall temperature. You have to know the condition that is causing the problem in the first place.
To know what you should do with the chills that you are experiencing, you first have to understand what is causing your chills in the first place. If you want to get rid of chills, you have to know the underlying problem. There are times when you feel cold, and you have to warm yourself up.
Signs and Symptoms of Chills Without Fever
Some of the most common signs of chills without fever are listed below:
- Shivering – When your body is suddenly exposed to a cold environment, the body will produce heat through muscle contraction to increase the body’s internal temperature. Shaking is often accompanied by chattering teeth.
- Sweating – In a cold environment, your body will try to produce more heat, which will cause cold sweat in the armpits.
- Goosebumps – Both fear and cold can cause goosebumps on the skin.
Common Causes for Chills Without Fever
It will be easier for you to determine the main cause of getting chills without fever with all of these things in mind.
Hypoglycemia refers to the sugar level in the body so low that the body cannot work correctly. People who suffer from this condition normally have diabetes. One of the most common symptoms of having this condition is experiencing chills even without fever. When your body’s sugar level is very low, it will not function correctly.
Hypoglycemia can cause chills without a fever. Other symptoms of hypoglycemia include dizziness, cold sweats, hunger, rapid heartbeat, headaches, sweating, anxiety, and dizziness.
If you feel that this condition is the leading cause of your chills, you need to drink something sweet. This can be the temporary fix you need to get rid of the chills. Eating something sweet when you have diabetes may not be the best option. You may take something safer like apple cider vinegar to give you the needed sugar without the possible complications.
2. Side Effects of Drugs
Prolonged use of medications such as ibuprofen, Effexor, Voltaren, and ondansetron may cause side effects like chills without fever. Sometimes, an intense cold may be caused by Narcotic painkillers or drugs like beta interferons.
Make sure to read the medication packaging to learn potential side effects information. If you suspect that the drug is the cause of your shivering, you should consult your doctor immediately.
3. Cystitis or Urinary Tract Infection
Cystitis or Urinary Tract Infection may be the primary reason you have chills, but you do not have any fever. When bacteria get into your urethra, the infection may turn more severe. Women are more likely to experience this infection than men.
When you try to urinate, you may feel that it is painful. There are instances when you are unable to urinate at all. In addition, other common symptoms include:
- Urinating frequently: Cystitis can cause a full bladder feeling, making you go to the bathroom many times. However, there is not much urine every time.
- Smelly and bloody urine: In cystitis, it can cause a cloudy and strong bad urine smell. Sometimes you may notice blood in the urine. This is because inflammation causes a bladder infection that reaches the kidneys and causes red blood cells to enter the bladder.
If you get a bladder infection, the first thing you need to do is to have yourself checked by the doctor. You would have to prevent the disease from spreading to your kidneys because this will only make things worse.
You will be recommended to drink a lot of water because this will help flush out the toxins from your body. At the same time, you can drink cranberry juice to cure yourself faster. Some studies show that this is also effective in preventing UTI from occurring when you drink cranberry juice.
4. Anxiety, Panic Attack, or Stress
Panic attacks, anxiety, or stress can also cause hormonal imbalance that will affect the body’s temperature regulation mechanism. This will lead to uncontrollable chills without a fever. The shivering may be accompanied by chest pain, nausea, heart beating, and dizziness. These are the most common symptoms associated with anxiety disorders.
If it is anxiety that you are having problems with, you need to try to relax. There are different ways that you can reduce your feelings of stress.
- Do deep breathing exercises.
- Try to undergo meditation. Even if it would take just a few minutes, it will be enough to calm you down.
- Try to choose from different essential oils that can relax the mind and the body. Some of the recommended ones are bergamot, jasmine, lavender, and chamomile.
Anemia is one of the most common causes of chills that aren’t accompanied by fever. It can occur when there are not enough red blood cells in the blood or low hemoglobin. This can cause headaches, dizziness, fatigue, and shaking.
In addition, the lack of iron can cause you to get anemia. A balanced diet can effectively help you prevent anemia. You can eat more green leafy vegetables, beans, nuts, almonds, poultry, egg yolk, and seafood. These are good sources of iron.
Malnutrition may be due to inadequate nutrient-rich foods, anorexia, or a poor ability to absorb nutrients. Without enough nutrients, your body can’t work properly.
Malnutrition can cause chills without a fever. Other symptoms include pale skin, rash, heart palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, drowsiness, or female menstrual cycle disorder.
Moreover, malnutrition, such as deficiency of vitamin B-complex, can also make you more susceptible to anemia. This will also affect your ability to tolerate cold.
Meat, dairy products, eggs, salmon, eel, and spirulina provide enough vitamin B12 to help prevent anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency.
To cure malnutrition, you have to double-check your diet. You can work with a nutritionist to follow a healthy diet that will give you all of the vitamins you need.
7. Cold Environment
This is the most common cause of chills without a fever. When you move from a warm to a cold environment, your body will increase its temperature by contracting and expanding muscles to produce more heat. This will make your body start to shake.
These types of chills will disappear after your body warms. But if your body continues to shiver, complications such as hypothermia or frostbite may occur. These conditions are severe, and you should seek immediate medical help.
Getting chills and shaking is one of the first signs of getting hypothermia. This is a condition that occurs when your body temperature drops too much.
This may happen when you plunge into the icy water and your body cannot warm up. The chills are caused by your muscles contracting to warm up your body. If the hypothermia worsens, the chills will stop. The person will become disoriented and confused. Sometimes, people will have a hard time speaking.
The older the person is, the higher the risk of getting hypothermia. People also have to be careful because they may be taking medications that make them more prone to acquiring this condition. The moment that you notice that someone seems to be suffering from hypothermia, here are some of the things that you should do:
- Adjust the room temperature so that it will be warmer.
- Put a warm blanket around the person.
The thyroid gland is located in the lower section of the neck. It can produce thyroid hormones necessary to regulate the body’s metabolism.
Thyroid disorder can cause fatigue along with frequent chills without any fever. Other symptoms include depression, constipation, dry skin, weight gain, sluggish speech, and easy colds.
A balanced diet is essential for your thyroid function. You should eat more healthy fats like seeds, nuts, coconut oil, fish, and legumes. In addition, you can take iodine supplements to enhance your thyroid function.
10. Lack of Sleep
Sometimes, lacking sleep may make you experience sudden chills from the body without a fever. This is because your body temperature drops during sleep.
If you do not have enough sleep, your body will lower the heart’s temperature when you are awake. Other symptoms include drowsiness, irritability, weight gain, yawning, depression, and mood swings.
If this is your problem, you know you need to get enough sleep. You can take a break from work and sleep. It will allow your body to recover.
11. Allergic Reaction
Allergic reactions sometimes cause chills. When exposed to an allergen or bitten by an insect, you may have a cold without a fever. Spider bites are the most common cause.
Most spider bites are harmless, but some spiders, such as black widows or brown spiders, can cause allergic reactions, causing you to have chills or irritations such as muscle cramps, headaches, vomiting and nausea, rashes, and joint stiffness. If these spiders bite you, emergency medical measures should be taken to avoid life-threatening symptoms.
12. Food Poisoning
In some cases, the person who suffers from food poisoning may experience chills without fever accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea. If severe food poisoning occurs, you need to see your doctor immediately.
Dehydration of the body causes the muscles to begin to contract, causing chills without fever. Other symptoms include dizziness, headaches, and low body energy.
To get rid of the chills caused by dehydration, you can drink hot water. Remember to avoid cold water; otherwise, it will aggravate the condition.
They are called postoperative chills. This is a symptom that often occurs after surgery. It can lead to chills without a fever. This is often due to a decrease in surgical temperature or an anesthetic product.
Menopause can change the hormone levels in the body, which will affect the body’s brain temperature control center (the hypothalamus).
This condition will result in redness and the sensation of heat accompanied by chills without a fever. Other symptoms include headache, fever, redness, excessive sweating, anxiety, insomnia, joint pain.
This is a condition wherein the blood is already infected. This blood infection can cause multiple organ failures, a drop in blood temperature, and blood clotting. This is a life-threatening condition. Those who undergo sepsis may or may not have a fever while suffering from chills.
Sepsis is caused by bacteria that get into the bloodstream. There are times when the reason is so simple that people do not expect it. Often, other severe conditions cause sepsis, such as the following:
If you start to feel like you have this condition or suspect that someone you know has this condition, you need to consult with your doctor immediately.
Causes of Chills Accompanied by Fever
If a sudden cold and chills accompany a fever, it usually means that the body is fighting the infection. Shivering is the body’s response to average temperature. Chills with fever may be caused by different diseases, including:
Seasonal flu: The most common flu symptoms are chills, fever, pain, and lack of energy.
Malaria: High fever with chills on 48-72 hour cycles is one of the major symptoms of malaria.
Sore throat: This infection can cause sudden fever and chills.
Tuberculosis: This is a bacterial infection that affects the lungs. The symptoms caused by tuberculosis include fever, chills, weight loss, and cough that may last for three weeks.
Pneumonia: Chills and fever are common symptoms of pneumonia. Other possible symptoms are chest pain, breathing difficulties, cough, and headaches.
Meningitis: Viral infections that cause meningitis generally improve without treatment. However, bacterial meningitis infections are severe and dangerous. Meningitis can cause chills, high fever, nausea, vomiting, headache, photophobia, and mental confusion.
Joint diseases: Some joints such as rheumatoid arthritis can cause fever, joint pain, and swelling.
AIDS: People with AIDS have a weak immune system, increasing the risk of infection. People with compromised immune systems are more likely to have chills and fever than others.
Kidney infections: Kidney disease can cause toxins to accumulate in the body. The common symptoms include chills and increased body temperature.
Cancer: Several cancers can cause fever and chills.
Pelvic inflammatory disease: Bacterial infection of the upper genital area such as the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes can cause pelvic inflammatory disease. Symptoms include fever and cold chills.
Appendicitis: Lower abdominal pain may indicate a severe case of appendicitis if accompanied by fever, chills, and other symptoms such as Nausea, Vomitings, Constipation, or diarrhea.
Treatments For Chills Without Fever
After you have learned the underlying condition behind getting chills without fever, here are some natural treatments that can help stop colds from overtaking your body:
- Chicken soup is considered one of the best home remedies to fight the symptoms of respiratory tract infections and chills. Eat hot chicken soup as soon as you feel chills. Chicken soup ingredients are easy to digest and high in protein.
- Herbal tea is beneficial for controlling the frequency of chills. It includes a lot of vitamins and minerals needed by the body. It also soothes your body and helps restore energy. Drink 3-4 cups of herbal tea in one day. For a better taste, you can add honey or sugar.
- If you experience a sudden attack of chills, taking a warm bath to soothe your body is the best treatment. This will calm down and warm up your body. Avoid a cold environment for 10-20 minutes after a warm bath.
- Drinking hot water is a good remedy for chills without suffering from fever, as dehydration may cause your chills. The warm water not only keeps you hydrated but also the warmth of your body temperature.
- Exercise such as a walk can help you reduce the frequency of chills. You should continue to do this exercise for at least a week. Make sure to wear warm clothes while doing exercise. Always dress appropriately, especially if you are going to be in a cool place.
- If you have not slept properly at night, you are more likely to get chills while you are awake. 8-9 hours of sleep at night will significantly reduce the severity of your chills. The bedroom should be warm or use a warm blanket while sleeping because your body’s temperature gets colder in sleep.
- In the case of chills without fever, eating a healthy diet regularly can make you feel better. Remember to eat protein meals and do not enrich any meals. You should include boiled or steamed green vegetables and fresh fruit.
- If you get a random or sudden attack of chills, consuming vitamin B supplements can be effective. Chills without fever cause your body to lose extra energy by shaking. This will make your body experiences fatigue and headaches. That’s why you need an immediate energy boost to make your energy body a vitamin B supplement.
Chills without fever are a common phenomenon. It can be cured at home by applying one of the home remedies mentioned above. First, try to find the cause of your chills and what to do? If the chills are severe, do not rely only on home remedies; you must visit a hospital for the proper treatment.