Groin Pain in Women: 15 Common Causes with Treatments

The groin area is an important part of the female body. It connects the lower abdomen with the legs. Groin pain in women can be mild or severe. The pain can radiate from your groin area to your lower abdomen or your back.

Groin pain can be divided into two types, namely indirect and direct pain. Indirect pain is caused by a different organ, but the pain is felt in the groin area. On the other hand, direct pain is a type of pain that you feel after you have pulled a muscle on your thigh or your leg. You will know exactly what is causing the pain when you are going through direct pain. 

There are many causes of female groin pain. The common causes include muscle strain, menstrual cycles, infections of internal organs, or other serious diseases such as kidney stones. This article will show you 15 common causes and treatments of groin pain in women.

Groin Pain in Women
Groin Pain in Women: Symptoms Causes and Treatments

Symptoms of Groin Pain in Women

Usually, if there is no groin injury, you will not feel pain in the area if there is persistent or severe pain and some of the following symptoms. You need to see your doctor as soon as possible.

  • Severe tenderness in the groin and between the inner thigh
  • The pain gets worse at night
  • Tingling sensation going down your hip
  • Swelling and lumps around the groin
  • Nausea, Fever
  • Difficulty walking
  • Shooting pain in the legs

Groin strain or sports a hernia?

The symptoms of a groin strain and sports a hernia are very similar, so people often confuse them. Groin strain usually occurs when muscles contract or stretch during strenuous exercise. The pain is usually sharp and often occurs in the groin or buttocks. You usually feel cramping, tightness.

Sports a hernia usually occurs when fat tissue or organs pass through the weak abdominal muscles. You may find an obvious bulge or lump in the pelvis or groin areas. This bump is often soft to the touch. The pain caused by a hernia is usually painful; this pain will increase with activity, accompanied by a burning sensation.

SymptomsGroin strainSports hernia
Bulge in abdomenYes
Pain in abdomen that worsens with momentYesYes
Nausea and vomitingYes
Sudden muscle spams or crampingYes
Muscle stiffnessYes
Intsense exercisingYes
Improper heavy liftingYesYes
Sudden fast movementsYes
Increase in pressure on the abdomenYes
Diarrhea or constipationYes
Persistent coughing or sneezingYesYes
Abdominal binderYesYes
Applying iceYesYes
Applying heatYes
Over-the-counter drugsYes

Causes of Groin Pain in Women – Reproductive Organs

There are different causes of groin pain among men and women but right now, let us focus on the causes of groin pain that women only experience.

1.Twisted Ovary

Groin pain is normally fast and severe, and it can only affect one side of the body. The ovary or the fallopian tube can get twisted because of pregnancy, cysts, and hormone treatments.

Along with the ovary pain that you are feeling, you may start vomiting. Before the ovary twists, you may start to experience cramps that come and go.

2.Ovarian Cysts

This is a condition that only affects women because men do not have ovaries. Cysts may form in different parts of the body. They are normally harmless and will go away over time, but there are also instances when the cysts rupture.

When this happens, it can be very painful. The pain from an ovarian cyst may start on the groin, but you may also begin to feel it on your upper thigh.

3.Ectopic Pregnancy

Experiencing pain and abdominal pain while you are pregnant may be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy. This occurs when the fetus grows outside the womb.

There are some early signs that you have an ectopic pregnancy, like spotting and cramping during the first trimester of your pregnancy.

When you start feeling groin pain along with abdominal pain and pelvic cramping, you need to get yourself checked by your doctor immediately.

4.Uterine Fibroids

Many women have this condition, but they are not immediately aware of this. Fibroids are benign, and they normally form inside the muscle of a women’s uterus.

Women do not feel that they are there when they are small, but when they are bigger, you will feel a bit of pain and discomfort in your groin area.


This is a condition wherein endometrial tissue may grow on the uterus and other reproductive organs. When this occurs, women may experience severe pain.

This may be the reason why some women experience cramping even when they do not have their period. The pain you will feel when you have this condition is not only localized to the groin area; it will also spread to your belly and lower back.


This is the condition when the endometrial tissue grows inside the uterus. The type of pain you will experience with this condition is different from endometriosis. You will feel like your pelvic area is being stabbed repeatedly.

Other Causes of Groin Pain

It is not only the reproductive organs that cause groin pain. There are still so many other reasons that will make you feel uncomfortable.

1.Pulled Muscle

Something as simple as a pulled muscle can be enough to cause groin pain. You will also feel pain in your pelvis. Some people assume that they can only pull muscles on their legs but actually, you can pull muscles on your abdominal area. Especially when you do a sudden movement or try to lift something heavy the wrong way, you may pull your muscles.


The inflammation of the SI joint causes this. The pain may start from the groin, but it can also be felt on the legs. If you feel this type of condition, it is best to avoid doing some strenuous activities like running up and down a flight of stairs or taking large strides while you are brisk walking or running.

3.Back Issues

Have you ever had problems with your back? If yes, there is a possibility that you are going to experience pain in your groin. The pain may start on one side of the groin, and then it would go down towards one thigh.


If you have had a hip injury, you will start to experience pain. The severity of the pain that will be experienced will depend on how bad your injury is. If your injury is bad, the pain is going to be severe and extremely uncomfortable. You may need to go to the emergency room to have your injury treated soon.

5.Kidney Stones

Some mineral deposits may form in the kidney. Many of these stones become dissolved over time, but some also get bigger, especially if you do not consume a lot of water.

When kidney stones become too big, they block the opening of the urinary tract. The pain is sometimes too severe that people cannot move because of the pain. One sign that you have kidney stones is if you have blood in your urine.

6.A hernia

There are times when you would experience pain in your groin because of an inguinal hernia. One sign that you have this condition is when you can see a bulge near your groin.

There are some studies wherein non-surgical procedures are possible to get rid of the condition. Doctors would still recommend surgery as the main treatment for this condition.

Infections That Can Cause Groin Pain in Women

If you think that the list of reasons why women may experience groin pain is already over, you will find out that there are still more. These are infections that can cause groin pain. Take note that some of these conditions may also affect males.

1.Kidney Infection

The kidney is in charge of doing so many things for the body. It can help get rid of toxins so that your body will keep on functioning.

When you get a kidney infection, you may experience pain in your abdominal area below your ribs. One sign that you have an infection is when your urine smells bad, and it is very uncomfortable for you to urinate.

2.Urinary Tract Infection

People can become confused with the difference between a UTI with a kidney infection. UTI is an infection of the urinary tract. It can cause people to have issues with passing urine.

You will try to pee, but when you do, only a little bit comes out. UTI normally affects the upper portion of your respiratory tract so that the pain will be felt there.

3.Internal Cystitis

This is a condition wherein the bladder is constantly under pressure, so people urge to pee more frequently. The pain that will be felt by people when they have this disorder is not only limited to the groin area, it will spread to the pelvic area, and it can be extremely uncomfortable.

How to Get Rid of the Groin Pain in Women

If there is an underlying condition for the pain, going to the doctor is recommended, but if you want to get rid of your symptoms, you can do these simple treatments:

  • Apply a cold compress or a hot compress on the affected area. This can help lessen the pain brought about by the different conditions causing groin pain.
  • Another simple treatment is to take medications. There are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that can help get rid of the pain. Please take note of the medications that you are allergic to so you can avoid them.
  • There are some exercises you can do that can help get rid of the pain effectively. You may talk it over with a professional to be given an effective routine that will help you get the relief you need.

There are different reasons why you are experiencing groin pain. You should see your doctor soon if the groin pain comes suddenly and it goes away suddenly too. This signifies that there may be something more that needs to be checked by your doctor immediately.

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