Groin Pain in Women: 20 Causes with Treatments

Groin pain is a common problem in women, especially those who are pregnant or have given birth recently. The pain may be sharp and stabbing, or it may be a dull ache. It can be constant or come and go. You may feel it only when you move in certain ways, such as when you sit down or stand up.

Groin pain in women usually occurs between the upper thigh and the abdomen. It may appear on one or both sides of your body. In some cases, the pain can radiate from your groin area to your lower abdomen or back.

Female groin pain can be caused due to a number of reasons ranging from infections to injury. The common causes include muscle strain, menstrual cycles, pregnancy, infections of internal organs, or other serious diseases such as kidney stones and ovarian cysts.

In addition, female groin pain can also be experienced due to a variety of lifestyle factors like prolonged sitting, lack of physical activity, obesity, and others.

If you’re experiencing groin pain, it’s important to see a doctor to determine the underlying cause. In some cases, the pain may go away on its own with rest and home care. However, more serious conditions like hernias or infections will require medical treatment. This article will show you 20 common causes and treatments of female groin pain.

Groin Pain in Women
Groin Pain in Women: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Symptoms of Groin Pain in Women

Usually, if there is no groin injury, you will not feel pain in the area. If there is persistent or severe pain, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

  • Severe tenderness in the groin and between the inner thigh
  • The pain gets worse at night
  • Tingling sensation going down your hip
  • Swelling and lumps around the groin
  • Nausea, Fever
  • Difficulty walking
  • Shooting pain in the legs
  • Groin pain when lifting something
  • A burning sensation in the groin
  • A feeling of heaviness in the groin

Groin strain vs. hernia pain

The symptoms of a groin strain and sports a hernia are very similar, so people often confuse them. Groin strain usually occurs when muscles contract or stretch during strenuous exercise. The pain is typically sharp and often occurs in the groin or buttocks. You usually feel cramping and tightness.

Sports a hernia usually occurs when fat tissue or organs pass through the weak abdominal muscles. You may find an obvious bulge or lump in the pelvis or groin areas. This bump is often soft to the touch. The pain caused by a hernia is usually painful. Besides, this pain will increase with activity, accompanied by a burning sensation.

SymptomsGroin strainSports hernia
Bulge in abdomenYes
Pain in abdomen that worsens with momentYesYes
Nausea and vomitingYes
Sudden muscle spams or crampingYes
Muscle stiffnessYes
Intsense exercisingYes
Improper heavy liftingYesYes
Sudden fast movementsYes
Increase in pressure on the abdomenYes
Diarrhea or constipationYes
Persistent coughing or sneezingYesYes
Abdominal binderYesYes
Applying iceYesYes
Applying heatYes
Over-the-counter drugsYes

Causes of Groin Pain in Women – Reproductive Organs

There are different causes of groin pain among men and women, but now, let us focus on the causes of groin pain that only women experience.

1. Twisted Ovary

Groin pain is usually fast and severe and can only affect one side of the body. The ovary or the fallopian tube can get twisted because of pregnancy, cysts, and hormone treatments.

You may start vomiting along with the ovary pain you feel. Before the ovary twists, you may start to experience cramps that come and go.

2. Ovarian Cysts

This condition only affects women because men do not have ovaries. Cysts may form in different parts of the body. They are generally harmless and will go away over time, but there are also instances when the cysts rupture.

When this happens, it can be very painful. The pain from an ovarian cyst may start in the groin, but you may also begin to feel it on your upper thigh.

3. Ectopic Pregnancy

Experiencing pain and abdominal pain while you are pregnant may be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy. This occurs when the fetus grows outside the womb.

There are some early signs that you have an ectopic pregnancy, like spotting and cramping during the first trimester of your pregnancy.

When you start feeling groin pain, abdominal pain, and pelvic cramping, you need to check yourself with your doctor immediately.

4. Uterine Fibroids

Many women have this condition but are not immediately aware of it. Fibroids are benign, and they usually form inside the Muscle of a women’s uterus.

Women do not feel that they are there when they are small, but when they are bigger, they will feel a bit of pain and discomfort in their groin area.

5. Endometriosis

This condition wherein endometrial tissue may grow on the uterus and other reproductive organs. When this occurs, women may experience severe pain.

This may be why some women experience cramping even when they do not have their period. The pain you will feel when you have this condition is not only localized to the groin area; it will also spread to your belly and lower back.

6. Adenomyosis

This is the condition when the endometrial tissue grows inside the uterus. The type of pain you will experience with this condition differs from endometriosis. You will feel like your pelvic area is being stabbed repeatedly.

7. Appendicitis

Appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen or groin pain. It’s an inflammation of your appendix, a small tube-shaped organ in your abdomen. The most common symptom of appendicitis is severe abdominal pain, often on the right side of your abdomen.

There may also be nausea or vomiting, low-grade fever, or feeling extremely tired. You might have some pain in your right side when you sit down or bend over.

Other Causes of Female Groin Pain

It is not only the reproductive organs that cause groin pain. There are still so many other reasons that will make you feel uncomfortable.

1. Groin Strain

Groin strain is a stretching or a pulling of the groin muscles or tendons underneath the skin in the pelvic area.This is often seen in athletes who participate in sports that involve a lot of running or jumping. It is also a very common condition in women during pregnancy.

This happens due to a sudden movement or due to overstretching of these muscles. Women are more prone to this condition as their muscles are already stretched due to the growing uterus. Women experience pain in the groin region due to the growing uterus pressing against the blood vessels and nerves.

2. Pulled Muscle

Something as simple as a pulled muscle can be enough to cause groin pain. You will also feel pain in your pelvis. Some people assume that they can only pull forces on their legs but actually, you can pull muscles in your abdominal area. Especially when you do a sudden movement or try to lift something heavy the wrong way, you may pull your muscles.

3. Sacroiliitis

The inflammation of the SI joint causes this. The pain may start from the groin but can also be felt in the legs. If you think this type of condition, it is best to avoid strenuous activities like running up and down a flight of stairs or taking large strides while brisk walking or running.

4. Back Issues

Have you ever had problems with your back? If yes, there is a possibility that you are going to experience pain in your groin. The pain may start on one side of the groin and then go down towards one thigh.

5. Injury

If you have had a hip injury, you will experience pain. The severity of the pain that will be shared will depend on how bad your injury is. The pain will be severe and highly uncomfortable if your damage is terrible. You may need to go to the emergency room to have your injury treated soon.

6. Kidney Stones

Some mineral deposits may form in the kidney. Many of these stones become dissolved over time, but some also get bigger, especially if you do not consume much water.

When kidney stones become too big, they block the opening of the urinary tract. The pain is sometimes too severe that people cannot move because of the pain. One sign that you have kidney stones is if you have blood in your urine.

7. A hernia

A hernia happens when a piece of your intestine bulges through a weak spot in your abdominal muscles. Hernias are more common in women who are pregnant or have given birth because the abdominal muscles stretch during pregnancy and sometimes don’t return to their original strength after delivery.

There are some studies wherein non-surgical procedures are possible to get rid of the condition. Doctors would still recommend surgery as the primary treatment for this condition.

8. Hip Osteoarthritis

Hip Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that affects the bones and cartilage of the hips. When the joint is inflamed, it may cause pain when bending, walking, or standing for long periods of time.

Osteoarthritis often occurs in older adults, but it can also affect younger people, especially those who are obese. People with this condition may have difficulty walking or standing, and they may feel pain in the groin when they move.

9. Hip Fracture

Hip fractures can cause a lot of pain and discomfort for anyone who suffers from them, but they can be particularly debilitating for women who tend to have narrower hips and a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Women who have suffered from a hip fracture will often experience a lot of pain in the groin area and may find it difficult to walk or lift objects.

10. Osteitis Pubis

Osteitis pubis is a common condition that causes groin pain in women. It is a condition that affects the pubic bone and the soft tissue surrounding it. Osteitis pubis can make it difficult to walk or even stand up, and it can be very painful. Osteitis pubis is usually caused by activities like exercise and heavy lifting.

11. Pinched Nerve

Women can experience a pinched nerve in the groin area when lifting something that is too heavy, sitting in an awkward position for too long, or doing activities that put too much pressure on the nerves. A pinched nerve in the groin area can cause pain, tingling, or numbness in the groin area, especially when sitting.

12. Hip Impingement

Hip impingement happens when the blood vessels, nerves, and tendons that run through the hip are compressed due to the shape of the bones in that area. The symptoms of this condition may include pain when sitting for long periods of time, trouble walking, and feeling achy overall.

Though it can happen to anyone, people who are at higher risk for developing this condition include those who have arthritis, a condition called avascular necrosis, or have had surgery on their hip in the past.

Infections That Can Cause Female Groin Pain

Infections of the reproductive organs, urinary tract, or other areas in the pelvis can cause groin pain. This is often accompanied by other symptoms like fever, chills, and body aches.

1. Kidney Infection

The kidney can help get rid of toxins so your body will keep functioning.

You may experience pain in your abdominal area below your ribs when you get a kidney infection. One sign that you have an infection is when your urine smells bad and it is very uncomfortable for you to urinate.

2. Urinary Tract Infection

People can become confused with the difference between a UTI with a kidney infection. UTI is an infection of the urinary tract. It can cause people to have issues with passing urine.

You will try to pee, but only a little bit comes out when you do. UTI normally affects the upper portion of your respiratory tract, so the pain will be felt there.

3. Internal Cystitis

The bladder is constantly under pressure, so people urge to pee more frequently. The pain that people will feel when they have this disorder is not only limited to the groin area; it will spread to the pelvic area and can be highly uncomfortable.

How to Get Rid of the Groin Pain in Women

If there is an underlying condition for the pain, going to the doctor is recommended, but if you want to get rid of your symptoms, you can do these simple treatments:

  • Apply a cold compress or a hot compress on the affected area. This can help lessen the pain brought about by the different conditions causing groin pain.
  • Another simple treatment is to take medications. There are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that can help get rid of the pain. Please take note of the medicines you are allergic to avoid them.
  • There are some exercises you can do that can help get rid of the pain effectively. You may talk it over with a professional to be given an effective routine that will help you get the relief you need.

When Should You go to the doctor for female groin pain?

If you are experiencing some symptoms below, see your doctor as soon as possible.

  • Persistent or unusual pain in the groin area
  • You have the symptoms of UTI, which may result in a kidney infection
  • You have the symptoms of a hernia or a kidney stone
  • High fever with rapid breathing
  • Vomiting, weakness, dizziness, and faintness,which could be signs of a ruptured ovarian cyst

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