Night sweats refer to excessive perspiration or sweating during the night. This condition is very common in women who are in menopause. It is caused by the expansion and contraction of blood vessels. Dilation of blood vessels will increase blood flow and generates heat. The heat will spreads throughout your body, causing redness of the skin, rapid heartbeat, and night sweats. This article discusses common causes and treatment of women’s night sweats.
Among many reasons, menopause is the most common cause of night sweats in women. In addition, if you wear too many bedclothes or your bedroom is hot, you may also suffer from night sweats. Night sweats caused by a hot environment is normal, you do not need to worry. Night sweats usually drench your clothes and sheets. And it is not related to an overheated environment.
In addition, night sweats may be hot flashes in some cases. Although it is difficult to distinguish them, there are still some differences. Hot flashes usually start in the chest, abdomen, or neck, and may cause redness of the skin. The sensation of warmth from hot flashes can last for a few minutes to half an hour. In addition, hot flashes can happen at any time and not only at night.
In most cases, your night sweats are harmless. However, if this condition persists for several weeks or even more than a month, it needs to be checked as soon as possible. Because this may be caused by some underlying diseases such as infections, cancer, diabetes, or some hormone diseases.
Other Symptoms With Night Sweats in Women
In many cases, night sweats may be accompanied by other symptoms, depending on the underlying disease. These common symptoms include:
- Cough and fatigue
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid heart rate and anxiety
In some cases, night sweats and other symptoms may indicate a serious illness and you need to seek medical help immediately. These symptoms include:
- Severe headache or body aches
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- High fever or chills
- Unexplained short-term weight loss
Night sweats and hot flashes are common in women during perimenopause and menopause. Menopause is a natural phase of a woman’s life that usually happens between ages 45 and 55.
During this time, the estrogen and progesterone produced by the ovaries will decrease. This can cause women’s menstrual periods to become irregular or absent menstrual periods. If you have no other symptoms, menopause is more likely the cause of night sweats.
Night sweats in women can also be caused by Infections diseases such as bladder Infection, tuberculosis, or HIV. Tuberculosis can infect any part of your body, especially the lungs.
Some bacterial infections including endocarditis, pyogenic abscess, and osteomyelitis can also cause night sweats. People with weakened immunity are more likely to suffer from infections, colds, flu, and fever. This will also lead to night sweats.
Some patients with diabetes may experience hypoglycemia. This condition usually occurs after insulin injection or taking diabetes medication.
Hypoglycemia means that the blood sugar level in your body drops below a certain point. This can cause confusion, dizziness and profuse sweating. Generally, this situation requires the administration of glucose orally or intravenously.
4. Side effects of medications
Some medications including antidepressants, steroids, acetaminophen, diabetes medications, and high blood pressure drugs may cause night sweats after taking them. These medications can cause an adrenergic reaction and lead to sweating.
Studies have found that 8% to 22% of people taking antidepressants have night sweats. In addition, taking low-grade fever drugs such as aspirin and acetaminophen can cause night sweats or flushing.
In some cases, night sweats in women may be an early symptom of some cancers.Common cancer associated with night sweats is leukemia and lymphoma.
Other symptoms of cancer include prolonged fever and unexplained weight loss. The side effects of cancer treatment such as opioids, steroids, and aromatase inhibitors can also cause night sweats.
In addition, pheochromocytoma which is a rare benign tumor that starts in the cells of the adrenal gland can also lead to headaches, sweating, and rapid heartbeat.
Hyperhidrosis is a condition when the body produces too much sweat without any identifiable medical cause. It usually affects specific body parts such as feet, palms, underarms, and head.
But how to check how much sweating is normal? You can check whether excessive sweating interferes with your daily activities such as using mobile phones or computers.
If you suspect that you have hyperhidrosis, consult a dermatologist as soon as possible. They can treat excessive sweating by blocking sweat glands.
7. Neurologic conditions
Some neurologic conditions such as spinal cord injury, autonomic dysreflexia, and syringomyelia can also cause night sweats in women. Damage to the spinal cord can stimulate sweat glands and lead to episodes of increased sweating. In addition, stroke and autonomic neuropathy may also lead to night sweats.
8. Hormone diseases
Some hormone diseases that cause night sweats include pheochromocytoma, carcinoid syndrome, hyperthyroidism, diabetes and endocrine tumors. In addition, pregnancy or menstruation can also cause hormone fluctuations in the body and cause night sweats.
Other causes of night sweats in women
- Anxiety and Panic disorder
- Congestive heart failure
- digestive disease such as Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Sleep disorder such as Obstructive sleep apnea
- Consuming too much alcohol, heroin, cocaine, caffeine, or certain illicit drugs
Home Remedies for night sweats in women
In order to get rid of night sweats, you need to find out the causes first. If the problem is the environment, you can use an air conditioner to lower the room temperature or wear thin clothes while sleeping.
You should avoid eating things that may cause sweating during dinners, such as caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods. In addition, minimizing stress and anxiety can also help you fall asleep quickly, which can help relieve the symptoms of night sweats in women.
If your symptoms are related to menopause, you can take some medications to relieve symptoms. Menopausal hormone therapy can help get rid of menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes. However, this therapy has side effects because it can be risky for patients with a history of coronary heart disease or breast cancer. Therefore, you need to consult your doctor carefully to find the best treatment plan.