Baking Soda for Heartburn: An Effective Remedy or Myth?

Heartburn is a common condition that affects many people worldwide. The burning sensation in the chest caused by acid reflux can be uncomfortable and disruptive to daily life. As a result, people often seek quick and accessible solutions to alleviate the symptoms. One such remedy that has gained popularity is baking soda. This article will delve into the effectiveness and safety of using baking soda for heartburn relief. We will explore how it works, potential risks, and recommended dosages.

Key Takeaways

  • Baking soda, or sodium bicarbonate, neutralizes stomach acid which can ease heartburn quickly.
  • Adults should not take more than 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda dissolved in water every two hours for relief.
  • Always talk to a doctor before using baking soda regularly to avoid interactions with other medications or health conditions.
  • Baking soda is low-cost and easy to find but should be used carefully because too much can cause side effects.
  • Lifestyle changes and medications are also available to help treat heartburn symptoms effectively.
Baking Soda for Heartburn
Baking Soda for Heartburn

What is Heartburn?

Heartburn, also known as acid indigestion, occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus. This backward flow is caused by a weakened lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which is the muscle responsible for preventing acid reflux. When the LES fails to close properly, stomach acid irritates the lining of the esophagus, leading to the characteristic burning sensation in the chest.

It is important to differentiate between heartburn, acid reflux, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). While heartburn is a symptom of acid reflux, GERD is a chronic condition characterized by frequent acid reflux episodes and potential complications.

Common triggers of heartburn include certain foods (spicy, fatty, and acidic), beverages (caffeine, alcohol), smoking, obesity, pregnancy, and certain medications. Identifying and avoiding these triggers can help manage heartburn episodes.

How Does Baking Soda Work for Heartburn?

Stomach acid can cause that burning feeling known as heartburn. Baking soda has a high alkaline pH, which makes it perfect for neutralizing this excess stomach acidity. Think of it like putting out a fire – the alkalinity helps to balance the acid levels in your stomach, giving you relief from the discomfort.

Heartburn hurts because the acid irritates your stomach lining and esophagus. Alkaline substances have properties that can calm this irritation by bringing the acidity down. That’s what happens when you use baking soda for heartburn; its antacid properties kick in to alleviate indigestion and soothe your upset stomach quickly.

Benefits of Baking Soda for Heartburn

Baking soda provides fast relief from occasional heartburn and is a cost-effective, readily available remedy. Read on to learn more about how it works and its potential benefits!

1. Alkaline Properties

Baking soda is alkaline in nature, which means it can help neutralize stomach acid. When baking soda reacts with the hydrochloric acid in the stomach, it produces carbon dioxide, water, and salt. This chemical reaction can help reduce the acidity in the esophagus and provide temporary relief from heartburn symptoms.

2. Fast relief from occasional heartburn

Baking soda provides fast relief from occasional heartburn by neutralizing excess stomach acid. When consumed in appropriate amounts, it can quickly alleviate discomfort and burning sensations in the chest and throat caused by acid reflux.

Its alkaline nature helps to balance out the acidity, providing temporary but effective relief from mild cases of heartburn. Dissolving baking soda in a glass of water and drinking it when symptoms arise can promptly ease the discomfort associated with indigestion, making it a safe and convenient home remedy for occasional heartburn without any significant side effects.

3. Accessibility and Affordability

Baking soda is a readily available ingredient found in most households. It can be easily purchased at a low cost from grocery stores or pharmacies. The accessibility and affordability of baking soda make it a convenient option for individuals seeking immediate relief from heartburn symptoms.

4. Cost-effective and readily available

Baking soda is an affordable and easily accessible remedy for heartburn, found in most grocery stores. It offers a cost-effective alternative to traditional antacids. Its availability makes it convenient for quick relief from occasional heartburn at home without needing a prescription or doctor’s visit.

Aside from being readily available, baking soda comes with the added benefit of being cost-effective when compared to over-the-counter medications. This makes it a popular choice for those seeking budget-friendly relief from stomach discomfort and acid reflux symptoms.

Baking Soda
Baking Soda

How to Use Baking Soda for Heartburn Relief

Using baking soda for heartburn relief is a simple process that involves mixing it with water and consuming it in the right proportions. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use baking soda for heartburn:

1. Start with the Right Amount

Adults should take no more than 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water every two hours, not exceeding seven 1/2 teaspoons in 24 hours. It’s important to dissolve the baking soda completely before drinking it to avoid stomach upset or gas.

Always consult a healthcare professional before using baking soda for heartburn as part of your regular routine. Using small amounts and seeking medical advice can prevent potential side effects and ensure safe usage.

2. Choose the Right Water

Use fresh, clean water at room temperature for the mixture. Cold water may cause discomfort, and warm water may accelerate the reaction between baking soda and stomach acid, leading to excessive gas formation.

3. Mix Thoroughly

Add the measured amount of baking soda to the glass of water. Stir the mixture well until the baking soda is completely dissolved. This ensures even distribution of baking soda throughout the water.

4. Consume Slowly

Drink the mixture slowly to allow the baking soda to react with the stomach acid gradually. Avoid drinking it too quickly, as it may cause excessive gas or bloating.

5. Pay Attention to Timing

It’s best to consume the baking soda mixture on an empty stomach or at least an hour after a meal. This timing allows the baking soda to interact with the stomach acid more effectively.

6. Monitor Your Symptoms

After consuming the baking soda mixture, pay attention to how you feel. Many individuals report experiencing relief from heartburn symptoms within minutes. However, if your symptoms persist or worsen, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider for further evaluation and guidance.

Remember, baking soda should be used as a temporary solution for occasional heartburn relief. If you frequently experience heartburn or have underlying health conditions, it’s best to consult a healthcare provider for a comprehensive evaluation and personalized advice.

Safety Concerns and Precautions

Here are some safety considerations when using baking soda for heartburn relief:

1. Follow Recommended Dosages

It’s crucial to adhere to the recommended dosages when using baking soda for heartburn. Typically, half to one teaspoon mixed with a glass of water is the suggested amount.

Exceeding this dosage can lead to metabolic alkalosis, a condition characterized by an imbalance in the body’s acid-base levels. This can result in symptoms such as muscle twitching, hand tremors, nausea, and confusion.

2. Consult a Healthcare Provider

If you have pre-existing health conditions, such as high blood pressure, kidney disease, liver disease, or edema, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider before using baking soda for heartburn relief. Baking soda contains high levels of sodium, which can worsen these conditions. A healthcare provider can provide personalized advice based on your specific health needs.

3. Avoid Prolonged Use

Baking soda should not be used as a long-term solution for managing chronic heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). While it can provide temporary relief, it does not address the underlying causes of these conditions.

Prolonged and excessive use of baking soda can disrupt the body’s natural acid-base balance and potentially lead to other health issues. If you experience frequent heartburn, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and management.

4. Interactions with Medications

Baking soda can interact with certain medications, reducing their effectiveness or causing adverse reactions. For instance, baking soda can interfere with the absorption of medications that require an acidic environment for proper absorption.

It’s crucial to consult a healthcare provider or pharmacist to ensure there are no potential interactions between baking soda and any medications you may be taking.

5. Monitor for Side Effects

While baking soda is generally considered safe when used in recommended dosages, it’s important to monitor your body’s response. Some individuals may experience side effects such as bloating, gas, increased thirst, or stomach discomfort. If you notice any adverse reactions, discontinue use and consult a healthcare provider.

Differences Between Baking Soda and Epsom Salt
Differences Between Baking Soda and Epsom Salt

Other Treatment Options for Heartburn

Make lifestyle changes, consider medications, or explore surgical options for chronic GERD. Read on to learn more about managing heartburn effectively!

1. Lifestyle changes

Adjusting your lifestyle can significantly lessen the frequency of heartburn. Maintaining a healthy weight, eating smaller meals, and avoiding trigger foods such as citrus, caffeine, and spicy dishes may help reduce discomfort.

Additionally, refraining from lying down immediately after eating and elevating your head while sleeping can also alleviate symptoms. Regular exercise and stress management techniques can contribute to better digestion and overall well-being.

These simple adjustments could make a substantial difference in managing heartburn without relying solely on medication or home remedies for relief.

2. Medications

Most over-the-counter medications for heartburn relief are antacids, which work by neutralizing stomach acid. They provide fast but short-term relief and are generally safe for occasional use.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H2 blockers are also available as stronger prescription options for managing frequent or severe heartburn symptoms. Still, they may have potential side effects with long-term use.

For chronic heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a doctor may prescribe medication to reduce stomach acid production, promote healing of the esophagus, and alleviate discomfort.

3. Surgery (for chronic GERD)

Surgery is an option for chronic GERD. It involves reinforcing the lower esophageal sphincter to prevent acid reflux. This procedure can provide long-term relief from severe GERD symptoms, reducing the need for medications and lifestyle modifications.

For those with persistent and severe GERD, surgery offers a more permanent solution by addressing the underlying cause of the condition. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional to thoroughly evaluate all available treatment options before considering surgery as a viable choice for managing chronic GERD symptoms.


In conclusion, baking soda can provide fast relief from occasional heartburn by neutralizing excess stomach acid. This cost-effective and readily available home remedy may be effective when used in moderation.

However, it’s crucial to consult a doctor before regular use, especially if considering it as an ongoing treatment for chronic GERD. With its potential benefits and precautions in mind, baking soda offers another option to consider for managing heartburn symptoms alongside lifestyle changes and medications.