How to Use Baking Soda for Heartburn Relief

Heartburn is a common digestive issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest and throat. While there are many over-the-counter medications available to treat heartburn, baking soda is a simple, natural remedy. This article will delve into the effectiveness and safety of using baking soda for heartburn relief.

Baking Soda for Heartburn
Baking Soda for Heartburn

What is Baking Soda?

Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, is a white, crystalline powder that has a variety of uses in cooking, cleaning, and personal care. It’s a natural antacid that can neutralize stomach acid and provide relief from heartburn symptoms. Baking soda is also used in baking as a leavening agent, helping baked goods rise and become light and fluffy.

Baking soda has a long history of use as a natural remedy for various ailments. The ancient Egyptians used it as a cleansing agent and to treat wounds, while the ancient Greeks used it to treat digestive issues. In the 19th century, baking soda became widely available as a commercial product. It was used to treat a variety of conditions, including heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach.

How Does Baking Soda Work for Heartburn?

When you consume baking soda, it reacts with the hydrochloric acid in your stomach, creating a chemical reaction that produces salt, water, and carbon dioxide. This reaction neutralizes the acid, reducing its ability to cause heartburn and indigestion.

The chemical reaction that occurs when baking soda mixes with stomach acid can be represented by the following equation:

NaHCO₃ + HCl → NaCl + H₂O + CO₂

  • NaHCO₃: Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)
  • HCl: Hydrochloric acid (stomach acid)
  • NaCl: Sodium chloride (salt)
  • H₂O: Water
  • CO₂: Carbon dioxide

The neutralization of stomach acid by baking soda helps to reduce the pH level in the stomach, providing relief from the burning sensation and discomfort associated with heartburn.

A study published in the journal BMC Gastroenterology found that baking soda was effective in neutralizing stomach acid and reducing heartburn symptoms (Source).

Benefits of Baking Soda for Heartburn

Baking soda provides fast relief from occasional heartburn and is a cost-effective, readily available remedy. Read on to learn more about how it works and its potential benefits!

1. Alkaline Properties

Baking soda is alkaline in nature, which means it can help neutralize stomach acid. When baking soda reacts with the hydrochloric acid in the stomach, it produces carbon dioxide, water, and salt. This chemical reaction can help reduce the acidity in the esophagus and provide temporary relief from heartburn symptoms.

2. Fast relief from occasional heartburn

Baking soda provides fast relief from occasional heartburn by neutralizing excess stomach acid. When consumed in appropriate amounts, it can quickly alleviate discomfort and burning sensations in the chest and throat caused by acid reflux.

Its alkaline nature helps to balance out the acidity, providing temporary but effective relief from mild cases of heartburn. Dissolving baking soda in a glass of water and drinking it when symptoms arise can promptly ease the discomfort associated with indigestion, making it a safe and convenient home remedy for occasional heartburn without any significant side effects.

3. Accessibility and Affordability

Baking soda is a readily available ingredient found in most households. It can be easily purchased at a low cost from grocery stores or pharmacies. The accessibility and affordability of baking soda make it a convenient option for individuals seeking immediate relief from heartburn symptoms.

4. Cost-effective and readily available

Baking soda is an affordable and easily accessible remedy for heartburn, found in most grocery stores. It offers a cost-effective alternative to traditional antacids. Its availability makes it convenient for quick relief from occasional heartburn at home without needing a prescription or doctor’s visit.

Aside from being readily available, baking soda comes with the added benefit of being cost-effective when compared to over-the-counter medications. This makes it a popular choice for those seeking budget-friendly relief from stomach discomfort and acid reflux symptoms.

How to Use Baking Soda for Heartburn Relief?

Using baking soda for heartburn relief is a simple process that involves mixing it with water and consuming it in the right proportions. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use baking soda for heartburn:

1. Start with the Right Amount

Adults should take no more than 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water every two hours, not exceeding seven 1/2 teaspoons in 24 hours. It’s important to dissolve the baking soda completely before drinking it to avoid stomach upset or gas.

Always consult a healthcare professional before using baking soda for heartburn as part of your regular routine. Using small amounts and seeking medical advice can prevent potential side effects and ensure safe usage.

2. Choose the Right Water

Use fresh, clean water at room temperature for the mixture. Cold water may cause discomfort, and warm water may accelerate the reaction between baking soda and stomach acid, leading to excessive gas formation.

3. Mix Thoroughly

Add the measured amount of baking soda to the glass of water. Stir the mixture well until the baking soda is completely dissolved. This ensures even distribution of baking soda throughout the water.

4. Consume Slowly

Drink the mixture slowly to allow the baking soda to react with the stomach acid gradually. Avoid drinking it too quickly, as it may cause excessive gas or bloating.

5. Pay Attention to Timing

It’s best to consume the baking soda mixture on an empty stomach or at least an hour after a meal. This timing allows the baking soda to interact with the stomach acid more effectively.

6. Monitor Your Symptoms

After consuming the baking soda mixture, pay attention to how you feel. Many individuals report experiencing relief from heartburn symptoms within minutes. However, if your symptoms persist or worsen, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider for further evaluation and guidance.

Safety Concerns and Precautions

Here are some safety considerations when using baking soda for heartburn relief:

1. Follow Recommended Dosages

It’s crucial to adhere to the recommended dosages when using baking soda for heartburn. Typically, half to one teaspoon mixed with a glass of water is the suggested amount.

Exceeding this dosage can lead to metabolic alkalosis, a condition characterized by an imbalance in the body’s acid-base levels. This can result in symptoms such as muscle twitching, hand tremors, nausea, and confusion.

2. Consult a Healthcare Provider

If you have pre-existing health conditions, such as high blood pressure, kidney disease, liver disease, or edema, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider before using baking soda for heartburn relief. Baking soda contains high levels of sodium, which can worsen these conditions. A healthcare provider can provide personalized advice based on your specific health needs.

3. Avoid Prolonged Use

Baking soda should not be used as a long-term solution for managing chronic heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). While it can provide temporary relief, it does not address the underlying causes of these conditions.

Prolonged and excessive use of baking soda can disrupt the body’s natural acid-base balance and potentially lead to other health issues. If you experience frequent heartburn, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and management.

4. Interactions with Medications

Baking soda can interact with certain medications, reducing their effectiveness or causing adverse reactions. For instance, baking soda can interfere with the absorption of medications that require an acidic environment for proper absorption.

It’s crucial to consult a healthcare provider or pharmacist to ensure there are no potential interactions between baking soda and any medications you may be taking.

5. Monitor for Side Effects

While baking soda is generally considered safe when used in recommended dosages, it’s important to monitor your body’s response. Some individuals may experience side effects such as bloating, gas, increased thirst, or stomach discomfort. If you notice any adverse reactions, discontinue use and consult a healthcare provider.

Differences Between Baking Soda and Epsom Salt
Differences Between Baking Soda and Epsom Salt

Other Natural Remedies for Heartburn

In addition to baking soda, there are several other natural remedies that can help alleviate heartburn symptoms:

Aloe vera juice

Drinking aloe vera juice can help soothe the digestive tract and reduce inflammation. Aloe vera contains compounds called polysaccharides, which have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and healing properties.

A study published in the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine found that aloe vera syrup helped reduce the frequency and severity of heartburn symptoms (Source). To use aloe vera for heartburn, drink 1/4 cup of aloe vera juice about 20 minutes before meals.


Ginger has natural anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce heartburn symptoms. Try drinking ginger tea or taking ginger supplements.

A review published in the Journal of Food Science and Technology found that ginger has gastroprotective effects and can help alleviate digestive issues like heartburn and nausea (Source). To make ginger tea, steep fresh ginger slices or ginger tea bags in hot water for 10-15 minutes.

Licorice root

Licorice root has been shown to help reduce stomach acid and relieve heartburn symptoms. However, it can also cause side effects such as high blood pressure, so it should be used with caution.

A study published in the journal Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine found that licorice root extract helped reduce the severity of heartburn symptoms (Source).

Deglycyrrhizinated licorice (DGL) supplements are available, which have had the compound responsible for the side effects removed.

Apple cider vinegar

While it may seem counterintuitive, drinking a small amount of apple cider vinegar diluted in water can help balance stomach acid levels and reduce heartburn symptoms. The acetic acid in apple cider vinegar may help improve digestion and reduce the likelihood of acid reflux.

A study published in the Journal of Dietary Supplements found that consuming apple cider vinegar with a meal helped reduce the risk of heartburn (Source). Mix 1-2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and drink before meals.

Chamomile tea

Chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties and can help soothe the digestive tract, reducing heartburn symptoms. A study published in the journal Molecular Medicine Reports found that chamomile extract helped protect against stomach ulcers and reduce inflammation in the digestive tract (Source).

Steep a chamomile tea bag in hot water for 5-10 minutes and drink before bedtime to help reduce nighttime heartburn.

Aloe vera juiceDrink 1/4 cup of aloe vera juice20 minutes before meals
Ginger teaSteep fresh ginger slices or tea bags in hot water for 10-15 minutesDrink as needed
Licorice rootTake DGL supplementsFollow package instructions
Apple cider vinegarMix 1-2 teaspoons in a glass of waterDrink before meals
Chamomile teaSteep a tea bag in hot water for 5-10 minutesDrink before bedtime

Lifestyle Changes to Prevent Heartburn

In addition to using natural remedies like baking soda, making some lifestyle changes can also help prevent heartburn from occurring in the first place:

Avoid trigger foods

Certain foods, such as spicy or fatty foods, can trigger heartburn symptoms. Identify your trigger foods and avoid them as much as possible. Common trigger foods include:

  • Citrus fruits
  • Tomatoes and tomato-based products
  • Garlic and onions
  • Chocolate
  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol
  • Peppermint
  • Fatty or fried foods

Eat smaller meals

Eating large meals can put pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), causing it to relax and allow stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus.

Try eating smaller, more frequent meals instead. Aim to eat slowly and chew your food thoroughly to aid in digestion. Avoid eating within 2-3 hours of bedtime to reduce the risk of nighttime heartburn.

Don’t lie down after eating

Wait at least three hours after eating before lying down or going to bed. This allows your stomach to empty and reduces the risk of acid reflux.

If you must lie down, prop your head and shoulders up with pillows to help keep stomach acid from flowing back into the esophagus. Elevating the head of your bed by 6-8 inches can also help reduce nighttime heartburn.

Lose weight

Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of developing heartburn. Losing weight can help reduce pressure on the LES and alleviate symptoms.

A study published in the journal Obesity found that weight loss was associated with a significant reduction in heartburn symptoms (Source). Aim to maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise.

Quit smoking

Smoking can relax the LES and increase the risk of heartburn. Quitting smoking can help reduce symptoms and improve overall health. A study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology found that smoking cessation was associated with a significant improvement in heartburn symptoms (Source).

Wear loose-fitting clothing

Tight clothing, especially around the waist, can put pressure on the stomach and increase the risk of heartburn. Opt for loose-fitting clothing to reduce pressure on the stomach and LES. Avoid wearing tight belts, waistbands, or compression garments that can constrict the stomach.

Manage stress

Stress can exacerbate heartburn symptoms by increasing acid production in the stomach. Practice stress-reducing techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga to help manage stress levels and reduce the risk of heartburn. Engaging in regular physical activity and getting enough sleep can also help reduce stress and improve overall well-being.

Chew gum

Chewing gum after meals can help stimulate saliva production, which can neutralize stomach acid and reduce heartburn symptoms.

A study published in the Journal of Dental Research found that chewing sugar-free gum for 30 minutes after a meal helped reduce acid reflux (Source). Choose sugar-free gum to avoid potential dental issues.

When to See a Doctor?

While baking soda and other natural remedies can be effective for treating occasional heartburn, it’s important to see a doctor if your symptoms are severe or persistent. Chronic heartburn can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or a hiatal hernia.

If you experience any of the following symptoms, seek medical attention:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Persistent nausea or vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bloody or black stools
  • Heartburn that persists despite lifestyle changes and over-the-counter remedies
  • Heartburn that interferes with daily activities or sleep

Your doctor may recommend additional treatments, such as prescription medications or lifestyle modifications, to help manage your symptoms and prevent complications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat underlying conditions like hiatal hernias or severe GERD.

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