Bubbles in Urine: 12 Common Causes with Treatments

Noticing bubbles in your urine can be worrying and disturbing. Normally light yellow or dark orange in color, urine contains excess water, sugars, and other unwanted substances.

The production of urine in the kidney is your body’s way of eliminating compounds and toxins from your system. In most cases, bubbles in your urine are normal.

Aside from bubbles in the urine, there are also cases that urine can look foamy. If this condition happened only once and it returned back to normal after a few hours or within the day, then there is nothing to fret.

However, if the bubbles or foamy appearance persist, it is best make an appointment with a professional or urologist right away for proper diagnosis. This can be an indication of a health problem.

Causes of Bubbles in Urine
Causes of Bubbles in Urine

6 Normal Conditions of Bubbles in Urine

When urinating, there are cases that bubbles appear due to trapped air. These are some of the common causes of the presence of bubbles in urine.

1. Chemical Reaction

One of the reasons why bubbles are formed in your urine is chemical reaction. Depending on the concentration of potassium, sodium, and other substances in your urine, you may notice some bubbles as it reacts with the chemicals residue in the toilet bowl.

If you are using a lot of cleaning products, you may see bubbles in your urine after you pee. The appearance may also look a bit foamy.

2. Dehydration

The color of urine is normally colorless or light yellow. Sometimes, its color can be almost brownish hue or deeper yellow.  The change in the color of your urine is usually normal.

However, if you notice that your urine is foamy or dark in color, then this is a sign of a mild dehydration. Some people do not feel thirsty even if the body is already running out of water supply.  It is important to consume plenty of water especially during the hot seasons. Other symptoms of dehydration include:

  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Less frequent urination
  • Extreme thirst

The best treatment for dehydration is to replace the lost fluids. If you are also experiencing seizures, low blood volume shock, kidney problem or urinary problem, consult your doctor right away.

3.  Rapid Urination

Another cause of bubbly urine that you should not worry about is rapid urination. Holding back the need to urinate for a long period of time will increase the pressure in the bladder. This releases the urine faster than normal. As the urine hits the water in the toilet bowl, it creates bubbles as a normal reaction.

Rapid urination normally occurs in the morning or anytime of the day. There is no need to worry about this condition unless it happens frequently.

4. Menstruation

Menstruation is also one of the normal causes of bubbles in urine. This usually occurs during the first two days of the period. The foamy appearance or presence of bubbles in urine should not be alarming.

The main cause of the bubble formation during menstruation is dehydration. To reduce the bubbles in your urine, drink plenty of water or eat fruits and vegetables that have high water content.

5. Stress and anxiety

If you often feel a lot of pressure or anxiety or even difficulty falling asleep, you may find a lot of bubbles in your urine. Studies have found that long-term anxiety and insomnia can affect the normal function of the kidneys, which can lead to proteinuria.

Sometimes stress or anxiety can also cause diseases of the digestive system and heart system, and these diseases can also cause adverse effects in the body such as a lot of bubbles in the urine.

In order to reduce stress and anxiety, you need to make lifestyle changes such as healthy eating, participating in sports, and maintaining a regular schedule. In addition, some natural therapies such as massage and yoga can also effectively help you reduce stress.

6. Pregnancy

Some pregnant women may experience bubbles in urine due to enlarged kidneys. This occurs as pregnancy puts more work on the kidneys and leads to more protein content in the urine.  The result of higher concentration of protein in the waste fluid is foamy appearance or bubbles during urination.

While this condition is not usually a matter of concern during pregnancy, it is best to consult an obstetrician for proper diagnosis. In some cases, the presence of bubbles in urine can be a symptom of preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication, which is a sign of damage in the organ, usually the kidneys. It usually occurs after twenty weeks of pregnancy, accompanied by high blood pressure. Leaving this condition untreated can be dangerous for both mother and baby. Some signs and symptoms of preeclampsia are:

  • Excess protein in urine (bubbles in urine)
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Severe headaches
  • Blurred vision, light sensitivity, temporary loss of vision
  • Shortness of breath
  • Impaired liver function
  • Abdominal pain

Since most of the symptoms are common during early pregnancy, it is best to contact your doctor.

Serious Conditions that Cause Bubbles in Urine
Serious Conditions that Cause Bubbles in Urine

6 Serious Conditions that Cause Bubbles in Urine

If you always see bubbles in your urine, then this could be sign and symptom of a serious health condition that requires medical attention. Here are some of the serious conditions that cause bubbles in urine.

1. Proteinuria

One of the serious conditions that cause bubbles in urine is proteinuria. This is a result of a high amount of protein in urine and is often a symptom of a kidney disease. Kidneys that are functioning well do not let a huge amount of protein to enter their filters. However, damaged filters may allow proteins into the urine.

The common risk factors for proteinuria are high blood pressure and diabetes. Both conditions can damage the kidneys and may lead to proteinuria. Other causes of proteinuria include medications, infections, toxins, trauma, and immune system disorders.

Treatment for Proteinuria

Temporary or mild proteinuria may not require treatment. However, chronic kidney disease may lead to kidney failure. People with high blood pressure or diabetes are prescribed to take medications, like ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) or ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers).

Proper treatment is important especially for those with hypertension and diabetes to prevent further damages to the kidneys.

2. Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infection or UTI is an infection in any part of the urinary system. The infection can be in bladder, ureters, urethra, or kidneys, but in most cases, it involves the urethra and bladder. In severe cases, the infection can spread to the kidneys. Some signs and symptoms of infection in the urinary tract may include:

  • Persistent need to urinate
  • Small amounts of urine
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Cloudy urine with foul odor
  • Bright pink or red-colored urine which is a sign of blood
  • Pelvic pain in women

UTI occurs when bacteria gets in the urinary tract. They can enter through the urethra and start multiplying in the bladder.

Treatment for UTI

Depending on the cause and type of the urinary tract infection, your doctor may prescribe medications like antibiotics, antifungal, antiviral, or anti-parasitic drugs. The symptoms usually disappear after a few days of treatment. However, severe infection may require treatment with intravenous antibiotics.

You can reduce the risk of urinary tract infection by drinking plenty of water to flush out toxins and bacteria from your system. After a bowel movement or urinating, wipe the area from front to back. After sexual intercourse, drink a glass of water and empty your bladder to eliminate bacteria.

3. Diabetes

Another possible cause of bubbles in urine is diabetes. It occurs when the level of glucose in the blood is higher than normal. Glucose comes from food and liver. It is the body’s source of energy.

If you have not eaten yet, your liver automatically breaks down stored glycogen into glucose. Too much glucose can result in severe health conditions. Some signs and symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes may include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger and thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Ketones in urine (ketones are substances formed when the body breaks down fats)
  • Sores that heal slowly
  • Fatigue and irritability
  • Frequent infections (skin, vaginal, or gum infection)
  • Blurred vision

Treatment for diabetes:

Treatments for diabetes may include insulin and oral medications, as well as blood sugar monitoring. For all types of diabetes, it is important to maintain a healthy weight by consuming fruits, vegetables, and whole grains that are rich in fiber and nutrition.

It is also best to reduce calories and fat intake. Physical activities are also necessary to reduce blood sugar level. Walking, biking, or swimming for at least 30 minutes a day can improve your overall health.

4. Vesicocolic Fistula

Another condition that can also cause bubbles in urine is vesicocolic fistula. It forms an abnormal connection between the colon and the urinary tract, which retains water at the base of your bladder. When the water is retained, it increases the pressure of the bladder and produces foamy or bubbly appearance just like the case of rapid urination.

If you are experiencing bubbles in urine frequently, consult your doctor right away as these bubbles or foamy appearance may be a sign of tumors or Chron’s disease.

5. Kidney Disease

Healthy kidneys eliminate waste from the blood after digestion, exposure to medications or chemicals, and muscle activity. They keep a balance of water and minerals like potassium, sodium, and phosphorus in the blood. Problems in the kidney can occur when there is not enough blood flowing to these organs, when urine backed up in the kidneys, or when there is direct damage to the kidneys.

Some symptoms of kidney disease may include:

  • Foamy urine
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Frequent urge to pee
  • Swelling of the ankles
  • Puffiness around the eyes
  • Lack of taste
  • Dry and itchy skin
  • Shortness of breath or fatigue
  • Muscle cramps

Prompt diagnosis and treatment is important to prevent the condition from getting worse. Consult your doctor right away if you are experiencing some of the symptoms mentioned.

6. Heart (cardiovascular) disease

According to the latest research, too many bubbles in the urine may indicate cardiovascular disease. Patients with hypertension have higher urine protein levels than ordinary people. Patients with proteinuria are more likely to suffer from stroke, high blood pressure, heart disease and even heart failure.

In order to reduce the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease, it is best to have a healthy lifestyle. Studies have found that a good lifestyle such as reducing alcohol consumption, healthy eating, and physical exercise can reduce the risk of heart attack by 80%. If you often find excessive bubbles in your urine and symptoms such as heart pain, it is best to see your doctor as soon as possible.

Home Remedies for Bubbles in Urine

How to quickly reduce bubbles in urine? If the symptoms are caused by some of the serious diseases mentioned above, you need to see a doctor for treatment as soon as possible. For some mild symptoms, you can try the following methods.

  • Drink a lot of water: Drinking a lot of water and urinating a lot can effectively flush out the bacteria accumulated in the urethra and prevent urinary tract infections.
  • A healthy lifestyle: A healthy lifestyle such as weight loss, healthy eating, staying away from stress, and participating in sports can effectively reduce the appearance of bubbles in the urine.
  • Reduce the intake of calcium or vitamin D supplements: This can reduce the risk of hypercalcemia.
  • Control diet: Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, diet control, and proper exercise can effectively reduce high blood sugar and reduce the symptoms of diabetes.

Conclusion

In general, you donot need to worry about bubbles in urine too much. This is usually caused by urinating strong. However, if you have a bubbles in urine frequently especially when you find a sign of something more significant like kidney disease, it is always a good idea to contact your physician.

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