Night sweats are repeated excessive sweating that may soak your bedding or nightwear. This condition is mainly related to an illness or an underlying medical condition. You’re likely suffering from night sweats if you frequently wake up drenched in perspiration.
Although sweating during the night may be due to sleeping in a room that’s just too warm and under heavy blankets, with night sweats, perspiration isn’t likely to be connected to the bedroom environment but somewhat to an underlying medical condition.
The night sweats associated with infections, cancers, fevers, and severe underlying conditions are not preventable, but there are remedies for them. Here you will learn about the common signs and symptoms of night sweats in men, the causes, and the corresponding strategies for dealing with them.
Signs and Symptoms of Night Sweats In Men
Other potentially severe symptoms may occur from extreme sweating, depending on the underlying health condition. Individuals with cancer may experience weight loss and fevers.
On the subject of medications, the individual sometimes may experience additional side effects related to the medicines. When dealing with a fever, chills are common. Discontinuation or medication change improves the night sweats condition due to the side effects.
Low testosterone levels have somare sometimes night sweats, as many men may experience them during ‘manopause.’ Healthcare providers usually recommend hormone replacement therapy to help relieve night sweats and other symptoms.
Schedule to visit your doctor if you notice any strange rashes, a drastic reduction of appetite, or experience swelled lymph nodes alongside severe sweating.
The Common Causes of Night Sweats In Men
There is a wide range of reasons why men suffer night sweats. They may occur due to non-medical causes such as taking a hot shower, having a hot drink, or working out before going to bed, but some health issues can also cause night sweats in men.
1. Hormone Disorders
Hyperthyroidism, carcinoid syndrome, and pheochromocytoma are the primary hormone conditions closely associated with night sweats.
This is how it occurs; the hypothalamus, the part of the brain responsible for body temperature regulation and releasing and inhibiting hormones, may have trouble regulating temperature due to hormonal imbalances leading to night sweats. This may be corrected by hormone replacement therapy.
Particular drugs have often been associated with night sweats. Antidepressants (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) and fever-lowering medicines such as acetaminophen and aspirin may cause sweating ironically.
Talk to your doctor about adjusting your medication if you experience night sweats after starting a new medicine or having night sweats for more than a week. Other common drugs that lead to night sweats are steroids, diabetes medications, phenothiazine, and hormone therapy.
3. Serious Infections
Most infections cause fever which in turn results in night sweats. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and bacterial infections such as tuberculosis are major infections wherewith night sweats as one of the main symptoms.
Other bacterial infections like osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bones) and endocarditis (inflammation of the heart valves) may also cause night sweats. These infections also tend to have noticeable symptoms such as body pain, weight loss, aching muscles or joints, fatigue or general weakness, lack of appetite, chills, and fever.
4. Anxiety and Stress
Sweating can be caused by stress and emotional problems. When dealing with stress and anxiety, you will likely experience increased sweating. You tend to sweat more day and night when worrying about something.
Although people experience anxiety and stress differently, they may have more emotional symptoms than physical symptoms and vice versa. Here are other signs you may encounter under severe stress and anxiety: difficulty sleeping, fear, rapid heart rate, tension, worry, aches or pains, and rapid breathing.
Commonly, sweating occurs in response to warm temperatures, nervousness, fear, and activity. Still, at other times, the nerves responsible for activating your sweat glands tend to send signals even when sweating is not needed.
This causes excessive sweating across your entire body or maybe in particular body areas, and it’s known as hyperhidrosis disorder, whereas idiopathic hyperhidrosis is extreme sweating without clear medical reasons. Stress, caffeine, spicy foods, and diet are all associated with causing night sweats in men.
Secondary hyperhidrosis usually has underlying causes such as medical conditions or maybe medication-induced. If you suffer from hyperhidrosis, you sweat through your clothing, notice the sweat on your palms, feet, underarms, or face, work on both sides of your body, sweat at night, and sweat in one or more areas.
6. Low Testosterone
You might experience night sweats if your levels of testosterone are low. As you age, your body produces less testosterone naturally, but other factors like medications, injury, substance misuse, and health conditions may also decrease the amount of testosterone produced.
Muscle weakness, reduction in bone mass, fatigue, trouble focusing or remembering things, less interest in sex, and mood changes are other symptoms associated with low testosterone.
In men, night sweats sometimes is an indicator of sleep apnea condition. A person tends to stop breathing when you are sleeping if you suffer from this condition. It can happen several nights, and you may be unaware anything happened if you sleep alone or separately with your partner.
As your body is not getting enough oxygen, it slips into the ‘fight or flight mode, which triggers sweating, and it is frequent in men, with about 25% of men having this condition.
Sleep apnea develops when a stroke or other health condition affects the central nervous system’s ability to function correctly or when tissue in your throat blocks your airway (obstructive sleep apnea).
8. Changes In Temperature
Night sweats in other men occur from the regular body temperature changes in their sleep cycle. Before we wake up, the body’s core temperatures tend to rise and decrease at night before we sleep. Excessive bedding, memory foam mattresses, and hot bedrooms can contribute to normal sweating.
Night sweats tend to be early symptoms of some cancers. One of the significant types of cancer associated with night sweats is lymphoma. Lymphoma starts in parts of your body’s immune system, such as the bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, and thymus.
Individuals with Hodgkin’s lymphoma experience night sweats and low fevers, and also they may be itchy, tired, and after drinking alcohol, feel pain where the tumor is. On the other hand, individuals with advanced or aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma can also experience drenching night sweats.
Night sweats may also be caused by leukemia. However, individuals who have undiagnosed cancers have other signs and symptoms, such as fevers and unexplained weight loss.
Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia can cause sweating; individuals under blood sugar-lowering medications such as oral antidiabetics and insulin may experience night sweats.
11. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
GERD is connected with night sweats when the muscles that keep the esophagus closed don’t function properly. This causes acid in the stomach to rise into your esophagus resulting in the burning feeling commonly known as heartburn.
You may have GERD if this happens more than once a week and during the day and night. GERD symptoms include heartburn, trouble swallowing, chest pains, regurgitation, respiratory issues, asthma symptoms, cough, and difficulty sleeping.
12. Neurological Disorders
Neurologic conditions involve the nervous system- the spinal cord, the nerves, and the brain. Some neurological disorders are night sweats, such as stroke, autonomic dysreflexia, syringomyelia, and autonomic neuropathy.
Indications of neurological conditions tend to vary widely with night sweats alone but immediately seek medical assistance if you notice the following:
- Having one-sided blurry vision
- Cannot speak or cannot talk without slurring
- Have an extremity paralysis
- Have severe head pain
- Having droopiness in the lower part of your face on one side
When To Be Concerned About Male Night Sweats
If you are experiencing night sweats, you are not alone! According to the International Hyperhidrosis Society, extreme sweating during the night is fairly common. Try to address the sweating by just sleeping with fewer blankets, lowering your bedroom temperature, and avoiding spicy and hot drinks before bed.
If these strategies do not help and you continuously experience night sweats, you should talk to a healthcare provider. Consider visiting the doctor when night sweats:
- Are accompanied by fever, cough, localized pain, diarrhea, and weight loss
- Occur regularly
- Interrupt your sleep
If you are having trouble sleeping and continuously wake up soaked in sweat or other signs and symptoms that worry you, don’t wait. Check out with your healthcare provider immediately.
Diagnosing Night Sweats In Men
A doctor must obtain a detailed medical history and order tests to determine what is causing night sweats in a person to decide whether the night sweats are due to an underlying medical condition.
Depending on the individual’s medical history and the cause of the night sweats, the tests may include specialized tests, imaging studies (CT scans or X-rays), and blood tests.
Treatment For Night Sweats In Men
Generally, night sweats are a symptom of an underlying condition that requires medical treatment, but the treatment typically isn’t directed to the night sweats but rather the underlying causes.
The choice of night sweats treatment depends on the underlying cause, such as adjusting medications, hormone irregularities, and contributing factors. When night sweats arise from hormonal imbalances, many men find relief through bio-identical hormone replacement therapy and discuss anticholinergic substances with their healthcare provider.
Treatments consist of prevention and management methods if there is no direct determined cause. Other at-home remedies that may help in the management of night sweats include:
- Following low sugar and low-fat diet, you are not eating within 2-3 hours before bed, and avoiding caffeine, spicy foods, and alcohol. Drink a lot of cold water.
- Bed Temperature Control. A fan or air conditioner will cool your bed to ideal sleeping temperatures.
- Sleeping Environment. I slept in a cool environment with breathable, light sheets and non-synthetic nightclothes. Use both ceiling and floor fans to circulate air. Set the AC thermostats at a temperature that’s conducive to sleep.
- You are using a heavy comforter or avoid over-bundling. Make your bed cool by using breathable materials for your pillowcases and sheets. Try also choosing lighter blankets instead of duvets or heavy comforters. Do not wear hot and uncomfortable clothing; choose breathable and lightweight fabrics for pajamas.
- Getting enough daily exercise and adjusting exercise timing as physical activities just before bed may trigger sweating at night.
- Apply a cool washcloth on your face at night before bed, or try taking a cool shower. You can also place an ice pack under your pillow to keep cool while sleeping.
- Practicing relaxation breathing exercises after waking with a night sweat and before bed
- Applying a clinical strength antiperspirant to the most sensitive body parts, like the chest, underarms, feet, hands, hairline, groin, and back.
Some medications are known as anticholinergic agents that assist in the reduction of sweating, but they should only be taken under a doctor’s prescription. Night sweats may be uncomfortable, but they are benign. If you suspect they are caused by something more serious, immediately contact your doctor.
Many different kinds of specialists may be consulted for this condition. An infectious disease specialist may provide treatments if night sweats are a symptom of an infectious disease. Similarly, a medical or surgical oncologist will care for those with cancer-induced night sweats.